Hello again, Jalo here, how are yours? I hope you are fine..... In the part number 1 of this tutorial we saw conceptualization and modeling and we spoke of the important thing that it is, to prepare correct modeling, that soon was animated, then being started off to be anticipated that we mentioned before, the idea concept and modeled and now, we passed to rigging and skinning....

It is very important that we have think well, that type of structure and movements to the character... like the face expressions. He is important to know this well since on the basis of the movements that we want that it does bob, beginning to draw some structures and part of the system of rigging is to another good bigging.

Wath is rigging? .. for that you do not know it, summarizing it it is the structure of the body that goes to cause that our character move.... like our body. We have bones and these bones move on the basis of muscles... in this case the animator is the muscle of those bone to moves.

And skinning is the skin that is going to surround to the bones... in truth the skin is modeled which we did previously and the in fact this serious system that helped to deform the modeling one of the character, like a language says to the structure of rigging something as well as that this between means of rigging and modeled... the method is skinning....


We began with rigging of the Spine. I like to begin by this part... I have to go step by step solving the difficulties..... (they consider that this rigging is probable that it works for 70% of the takings that are needed and that of insurance there are to construct some others for realy you need specify scenes....) The Spine is a very important point at the time of creating animation... and when an animator tries to give him life to the character this must respond correctly and not to have movements rare, are several forms to do rigging for a Spine but I am going to tell the one them that uses...for Sideshow Bob.

The used commands in this character in rigging are hierarchy (Link) constraints, reaction, wirring, and try to visualize it in your minds, like a structure to create.

We have a pile of bones and these we are going to control to move it them by means of helpers or ui to parameter controlers, all of them to create dependencies of objects for soon is but natural and easy at the time of animating it....

Start to draw to 4 bones for the Spine which are going to control by 3 helpers visible for the animator. And other that will be for the Riggerman and a line spline with 5 vertex that when applying to them modif. Controler// spline IK to controler// with Link option is not the base to begin.

After creating 4 to helper that they above helped us to to the dependency of movement between the vertebrae, when we move those of down and vice versa... this dependency is created with position constraints, creating a progressive movement, example... a 10 movement that if first and the last chain moves 2.... Those of means are what they have position contraint.

Now the easy part je.... Link the part that has the dependency to link the 3 IK controls of spline and next helpers that also to ik control corresponding to its height in the Spine.

The idea is to create dependencies of movements this is not the solution for all the character is a possible one for this. The important thing is that they understand the process that is due to create and on the basis of this one it can be creating new riggings for situations in which one must solve the diverse situations that appear

resolute the Spine Once, we must begin on the part of another one rigg that is the one of the leg and feet....

a: Similar as I constructed the Spine with respect to bones we created the bones necessary to define the structure that is going them to move, and this is defined applying to a HI IK solve... becouse is the system that more good react for hierachys complex and are quite light in calculations to solve them in simple move within 3dmax

Next we pass to the foot, and adding some bones in the right place of pivots, we return to put HI IK solve.

Once defined the structure, we used the same logic.... Objects to helper that to serve to us as help to facilitate the movements.

This hierachy is important because by means of Parameter Editor of max we are going to construct spinners that by means of reactrions we are going to control to make the movement very easy of the feet.

With the link Reactions the logic to follow is that starting off of an object that we created and we called Masters and this it will have Slavers that is helpers and of these to control them by spinners of custom atributes.

Okyes now yes is to good moment to go the next step.... the arm and hand to other step you have to hard riggingwork =)

For the arm, the firts is to establish where it located the parts of bones and here it is where to have the body in a neutral state it serves to us helpful, we drew the part of Spine left and arm until the hand.

For the forearm is prepared more two bones, than they will do of torsion at the time of controlling to mesh to obtain the effect, of the bones of our forearm human.in the same way that with constraints we created a dependency to obtain progressive movements.

The solvers for the arm is seetting, which uses a HI IK to solver above by the same explained reasons. And setting the chain of solve.
one can use any object like helper, but Something that is really is of help for my, in this case uses the objects helpers of Paul Neale, that can free download these script from page of Paul http://paulneale.com that and others script that is incredible.

Now the hand is the part to take more time to rigg correctly but later is more easy for animating, realy east time it is worth gold, believe meThe construction of the hand will be just as the one of an arm or a leg, we drew or we created located bones where the structure for mesh
we need to create a pivot.

Now that controlled it? wirring and we created a series of attributes holders that will be applied when located helper above of the hand, and that in this case was creative with attributes holder 2, of Paul neale, also they are possible to be download from the Webpage, script that has the ability to keep pressets from position which makes the animation very easy of the hand.

Now the neck, is easy part, must create the bones that comprise of the neck and the head these linking to the system of the Spine and later we created like always helpers that it helped us to rotate the bones, using the progressive logic of movements.

Now one of rigg more easy is with the eyes to use look AT constriants, to an object helper that it helps to do that the character watches to where look.

For last ...needed to integrate each one of those rigging that now are separated and to cause that they are integrated... linking rigg of the legs to the column and the arms to the column also

Once we arrived at this point, he is good step to think on the operation of rigging and to test some of movements and if the rotations make the logical movements for the character,  we constructed. We duplicated or re riggining the left side of character and testing movement.


If everything works as we waited for, yeah people are moment for breathing deep and for beginning what the process of skinning,  as we mentioned before this is the moment where we do that rigging that we constructed I interacted and it modifies or it follows mesh that we modeling previously.

A detail, does not forget rigging the objects to me that form the character but who these will be riggined after skinning, why? Because by the type of objects that are is necessary first to have a correct solution for the skin, since these go by above of the skin, then we needed to know where deform,and after to adjust them, the objects.

We go direct to the process of skinning, first it is to select mesh and to apply modifier – SKIN - this is the one that helped us to that mesh deform assigned by bones.

The following thing is to add the bones that we created necessary to control the skin and then we chose bones and we began to see as skin moves, using helpers....

Okay see the result and is realy bad jeje. the first is Not to be scared, and if we can be smile of this. It is a good beginning.  After testing and to see that nothing moves as it seems... begins the beautiful process of skinnig... and I say it sincere... I likes much the part of skiing. First it is to begin to define envelopes for each bone so that it surrounds the necessary areas and space.

And testing to see again as skinning works.

Okay everything works mabye a little better but to not sufficient like saying to finished work.....un it point that Is necessary to understand that with the phase of envelopes, we do not have to solve all the movements of skinning in this phase. The next step to skinning is bake vertex....

The process follows. When we obtained best the possible thing with envelopes.. We decided that it is moment for happening to bake and this is to decide that we passed to the process of Paint Weight... this process is the one that will make that the parts and you pivots of the character are seen better.

Once finished baking and Paint Weight testing you movements again and we verified that everything works to our expectations, we can pass to finishing step.

The next is pass to the part of rigging, and this it is focused in the objects, that we needed, and these are two. The necklace and the foliage

Both after testing several from linking to bones riggined, I found that most effective and fast to calculate is Skin Wrap, both objects are riggied of that way and the result is to my eye, the looked for one.

Now after testing several it lacked something essential and it was the hair. The tests that I did with Flex were not the wished ones. And inevitably I had rigging each hair, with bones...

Now the following thing was to decide that he was the best thing to control and to give him to life... with rotation constraints was the solution.... With his helper that they help to give movement hair.

We followed complete the character, always create a a pair of objects to helper that I call Masters and gives the possibility us of handling to the character, and to make movements that surrounds several to helper, with which we obtained movements of almost all the body, the idea is linking several to helper to these masters and thus to obtain better movements, like better rotations of the body or to walk.

A render stage =)

Okay the important thing of this process is great... since from it is the part here that will give naturalness him to the deformations that character has, by its movement... the animation is the one that will really give life him... it is a very important point... that we happen making Test and animations and drawing talvez in paper our ideas... or systems Rrigging...

try to think it like parts of systems that are united by the same system, takes time but they create is a realy great movement to the character me... =), Thanks for the interest to read this tutorial.

And they remember, love what they do and they go it to do well, Thanks to all what they do that today this doing this... and we see in makign the facial and texturing of for Sidehow bob.

all the best yours.!

16-01-2007 Argentina - jalo22@live.com.arwww.jalo.tv

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